CERES researchers monitored community composition, growth rate and reproductive potential of biofouling on fish cages over two seasonal periods of fry cages farming, located in southern Spain (SW Alboran Sea), with a special focus on cnidarians. Biomass and community composition of biofouling changed with time and between studied periods, with a marked seasonality in colonization periods and taxonomic composition, particularly for the colonial hydrozoans.
Bosch-Belmar M, Escurriola A, Milisenda G, Fuentes VL, Piraino S. Harmful Fouling Communities on Fish Farms in the SW Mediterranean Sea: Composition, Growth and Reproductive Periods. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 2019 Sep;7(9):288.